Non-Cooperative and Cooperative Climate Policies with Anticipated Breakthrough Technology
Frederick (Rick) van der Ploeg () and
No 190, OxCarre Working Papers from Oxford Centre for the Analysis of Resource Rich Economies, University of Oxford
Global warming can be curbed by pricing carbon emissions and thus substituting fossil fuel with renewable energy consumption. Breakthrough technologies (e.g., fusion energy) can reduce the cost of such policies. However, the chance of such a technology coming to market depends on investment. We model breakthroughs as an irreversible tipping point in a multi-country world, with different degrees of international cooperation. We show that international spill-over effects of R&D in carbon-free technologies lead to double free-riding, strategic over-pollution and underinvestment in green R&D, thus making climate change mitigation more difficult. We also show how the demand structure determines whether carbon pricing and R&D policies are substitutes or complements.
Keywords: global warming; carbon pricing; renewable R&D; tipping point; international cooperation; non-cooperative policies; feedback Nash equilibrium (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D2 D90 H23 Q35 Q38 Q54 Q58 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-agr, nep-ene, nep-env, nep-ino, nep-reg and nep-res
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Journal Article: Non-cooperative and cooperative climate policies with anticipated breakthrough technology (2019)
Working Paper: Non-Cooperative and Cooperative Climate Policies with Anticipated Breakthrough Technology (2018)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:oxf:oxcrwp:190
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