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The effect of oil spills on infant mortality

Roland Hodler and Anna Bruderle

No 196, OxCarre Working Papers from Oxford Centre for the Analysis of Resource Rich Economies, University of Oxford

Abstract: Oil spills can lead to irreversible environmental degradation and pose hazards to human health. We are the first to study the causal effects of onshore oil spills on neonatal and infant mortality rates. We use spatial data from the Nigerian Oil Spill Monitor and the Demographic and Health Surveys, and rely on the comparison of siblings conceived before and after nearby oil spills. We find that nearby oil spills double the neonatal mortality rate. These effects are fairly uniform across locations and socio-economic backgrounds. We also provide some evidence for negative health effects of nearby oil spills on surviving children.

Keywords: Nigeria; infant mortality; child health (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I10 I18 J13 Q53 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2017-09-24
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-ene and nep-hea
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:oxf:oxcrwp:196

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