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The Agnostic's Response to Climate Deniers: Price Carbon!

Frederick (Rick) van der Ploeg () and Armon Rezai

No 202, OxCarre Working Papers from Oxford Centre for the Analysis of Resource Rich Economies, University of Oxford

Abstract: With the election of President Trump, climate deniers moved from the fringes to the centre of global policy making and need to be addressed in policy-making. An agnostic approach to policy, based on Pascal’s wager, gives a key role to subjective prior probability beliefs about whether climate deniers are right. Policy makers that assign a 10% chance of climate deniers being correct set the global price on carbon to $19.1 per ton of emitted CO2 in 2020. Given that a non-denialist scientist making use of the DICE integrated assessment model sets the price at $21.1/tCO2, agnostics’ reflection of remaining scientific uncertainty leaves climate policy essentially unchanged. The robustness of an ambitious climate policy also follows from using the max-min or the min-max regret principle. Letting the coefficient of relative ambiguity aversion vary from zero corresponding to expected utility analysis to infinity corresponding to the max-min principle, it is possible to show how policy makers deal with fundamental climate model uncertainty when they are prepared to assign prior probabilities to different views of the world being correct. Allowing for a wide range of sensitivity exercises including damage uncertainty, it turns out that pricing carbon is the robust response under rising climate scepticism.

Keywords: climate model uncertainty; climate scepticism; robust climate policies; max-min; min-max regret; ambiguity aversion; DICE integrated assessment model (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: H21 Q51 Q54 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2017-11-29
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-ene, nep-env, nep-pke and nep-upt
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Related works:
Journal Article: The agnostic's response to climate deniers: Price carbon! (2019) Downloads
Working Paper: The Agnostic's Response to Climate Deniers: Price Carbon! (2018) Downloads
Working Paper: The Agnostic's Response to Climate Deniers: Price Carbon! (2017) Downloads
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