Local Industrial Shocks and Infant Mortality
No 209, OxCarre Working Papers from Oxford Centre for the Analysis of Resource Rich Economies, University of Oxford
Does industrial development change gender norms? This is the first paper to causally Anja Texplore the local effects of a continent-wide exogenous expansion of a modern industry on gender norms. The identification strategy relies on plausibly exogenous temporal and spatial variation in gold mining in Africa. The establishment of an industrial-scale mine changes local gender norms: justification of domestic violence decreases by 19%, women have better access to healthcare, and are 31% more likely to work in the service sector. The effects happen alongside rapid economic growth. The findings are robust to assumptions about trends, distance, and migration, and withstand a spatial randomization test. The results show that entrenched gender norms can change rapidly in the presence of economic development.
Keywords: gender norms; female empowerment; local industrial development; gold minig=ng (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: O12 O13 J16 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dev, nep-hea and nep-ure
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Working Paper: Local Industrial Shocks and Infant Mortality (2018)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:oxf:oxcrwp:209
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