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Local Industrial Shocks and Infant Mortality

Anja Tolonen

No 209, OxCarre Working Papers from Oxford Centre for the Analysis of Resource Rich Economies, University of Oxford

Abstract: Does industrial development change gender norms? This is the first paper to causally Anja Texplore the local effects of a continent-wide exogenous expansion of a modern industry on gender norms. The identification strategy relies on plausibly exogenous temporal and spatial variation in gold mining in Africa. The establishment of an industrial-scale mine changes local gender norms: justification of domestic violence decreases by 19%, women have better access to healthcare, and are 31% more likely to work in the service sector. The effects happen alongside rapid economic growth. The findings are robust to assumptions about trends, distance, and migration, and withstand a spatial randomization test. The results show that entrenched gender norms can change rapidly in the presence of economic development.

Keywords: gender norms; female empowerment; local industrial development; gold minig=ng (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: O12 O13 J16 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dev, nep-hea and nep-ure
Date: 2018
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