EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

Structural Transformation, Extractive Industries and Gender Equality

Anja Benshaul-Tolonen and Sarah Baum

No 221, OxCarre Working Papers from Oxford Centre for the Analysis of Resource Rich Economies, University of Oxford

Abstract: Does structural transformation matter for gender equality? This paper reviews the gender impacts of the highest value export industry in low and middle income countries—the extractive industries (oil, gas and mining). First, we analyze cross-country relationships between natural resource dependence and gender welfare indicators. Countries that are dependent on natural resource rents have greater gender inequality, lower education levels and more patriarchal norms, even after taking GDP per capita levels into account. Second, we conduct a comprehensive review of the empirical literature on the impact of extractive industries on women and gender relations, covering topics such as labor force participation, marriage markets, health, and security. The review points to extractive industries as a mixed blessing for women, showing heterogeneity across genders, sectors, and contexts. We propose new directions for research to ensure that extractive industries generate inclusive growth.

Date: 2019-10-08
References: Add references at CitEc
Citations: Track citations by RSS feed

There are no downloads for this item, see the EconPapers FAQ for hints about obtaining it.

Related works:
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:oxf:oxcrwp:221

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in OxCarre Working Papers from Oxford Centre for the Analysis of Resource Rich Economies, University of Oxford Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Melis Boya ().

 
Page updated 2020-12-23
Handle: RePEc:oxf:oxcrwp:221