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Explaining the evolution of ethnicity differentials in academic achievements: The role of time investments

Ha Nguyen, Luke Connelly (), Huong Le, Francis Mitrou, Catherine Taylor and Stephen Zubrick
Additional contact information
Huong Le: School of Population and Global Health, University of Western Australia
Francis Mitrou: Telethon Kids Institute; University of Western Australia
Catherine Taylor: Telethon Kids Institute; University of Western Australia
Stephen Zubrick: Telethon Kids Institute; University of Western Australia

No WP1901, Bankwest Curtin Economics Centre Working Paper series from Bankwest Curtin Economics Centre (BCEC), Curtin Business School

Abstract: Children of Asian immigrants in most English-speaking destinations have better academic outcomes, yet the underlying causes of their advantages are under-studied. We employ panel time-use diaries by two cohorts of children observed over a decade to present new evidence that children of Asian immigrants begin spending more time than their peers on educational activities from school entry; and, that the ethnicity gap in the time allocated to educational activities increases over time. By specifying an augmented value-added model and invoking a quantile decomposition method, we find that the academic advantage of children of Asian immigrants is attributable mainly to their allocating more time to educational activities or their favorable initial cognitive abilities and not to socio-demographics or parenting styles. Furthermore, our results show substantial heterogeneity in the contributions of initial cognitive abilities and time allocations by test subjects, test ages and points of the test score distribution.

Keywords: Migration; Education; Test Score Gap; Time Diary; Quantile Regression; Second generation Immigrants; Australia (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C21 I20 J13 J15 J22 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 83 pages
Date: 2019-02
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-mig, nep-sea, nep-ure and nep-war
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Related works:
Working Paper: Explaining the evolution of ethnicity differentials in academic achievements: The role of time investments (2019) Downloads
Working Paper: Explaining the evolution of ethnicity differentials in academic achievements: The role of time investments (2018) Downloads
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