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No student left behind? Evidence from the Programme for School Guidance in Spain

J. Ignacio García-Pérez () and Marisa Hidalgo-Hidalgo ()
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J. Ignacio García-Pérez: Department of Economics, Universidad Pablo de Olavide

Authors registered in the RePEc Author Service: J. Ignacio García Pérez ()

No 16.09, Working Papers from Universidad Pablo de Olavide, Department of Economics

Abstract: This paper evaluates the effects of a remedial education programme implemented in Spain between 2005 and 2012 that offered after-school classes for underperforming students from poor socioeconomic backgrounds. We use two different estimation strategies, re-weighting estimators and propensity score matching, and address the existence of selection bias. We find that this programme had a substantial positive effect on children's academic achievement: the probability of falling behind the general progress of the group declined by approximately 5% and mean reading scores increased by approximately 10% of one standard deviation. We also find that a larger exposure to the programme improves students' scores: whereas students in schools that participated in the programme for at most two years do not experience any significant positive effect, those in schools that participated for at least three years did. The programme significantly reduced the probability of belonging to the bottom part of the distribution (by approximately 7.5%) and improved mean scores (by approximately 18% of one standard deviation). Finally, we find that the impact of the programme is much stronger for students in rural schools than for students in urban schools.

Keywords: Remedial education; PAE; programme evaluation; PISA; selection bias (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: H52 I23 I28 J24 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 51 pages
Date: 2016-09
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-edu and nep-ure
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http://www.upo.es/serv/bib/wps/econ1609.pdf

Related works:
Journal Article: No student left behind? Evidence from the Programme for School Guidance in Spain (2017) Downloads
Working Paper: No student left behind? Evidence from the Programme for School Guidance in Spain (2016) Downloads
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