FERTILITY AND MOTHERS’ LABOUR FORCE PARTICIPATION IN RURAL INDIA
Isha Gupta ()
Additional contact information
Isha Gupta: Department of Economics and Management “Marco Fanno” University of Padova, Italy
No 267, "Marco Fanno" Working Papers from Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche "Marco Fanno"
This paper estimates the causal effect of having young children aged 0 to 5 years on mothers’ labour force participation in rural India. In order to address the potential endogeneity in the fertility decision, I exploit Indian families’ preference for having sons. I leverage exogenous variation in the gender of older children aged 6+ years as an instrumental variable for having younger children aged 0 to 5 years in the family. IV estimates show that the mothers’ participation is significantly reduced by 9.9% due to the presence of young children aged 0 to 5 years in the household, with the negative effect mostly driven by mothers belonging to the highest income quartile; mothers with high education; and mothers residing in nuclear families.
Keywords: Female labour force participation; Fertility; Instrumental variable; Local average treatment effect (LATE); India; Compliers (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C26 J13 J22 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 49 pages
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cwa, nep-dev and nep-lab
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: Track citations by RSS feed
Downloads: (external link)
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:pad:wpaper:0267
Access Statistics for this paper
More papers in "Marco Fanno" Working Papers from Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche "Marco Fanno" Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Raffaele Dei Campielisi ().