The Role of Social Identity and Perceived Discrimination in Human Capital Formation: Evidence from India
Isha Gupta ()
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Isha Gupta: University of Padova
No 290, "Marco Fanno" Working Papers from Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche "Marco Fanno"
This study examines the role of historically defined social identity in human capital development over time by focusing on a region from India where social identities are defined along the lines of castes and religious groups. It investigates the evolution of gaps across social groups in childrenâ€™s cognitive outcomes and parental investment in childrenâ€™s education from ages 5 to 15. Significant gaps in test scores and parental investment are found between children from lower and upper Hindu castes. These gaps, which originate early in childhood and persist throughout the 10 years of the study period, cannot be completely explained by the differences in socioeconomic status across social groups. Moreover, the perception of social discrimination is also found to be a significant contributor to the gaps in cognitive outcomes and parental investment across social groups. While parentsâ€™ perceived social discrimination is associated with lower parental investment throughout childhood, it is negatively associated with childrenâ€™s cognitive outcomes only at later ages.
Keywords: child development; parental investment; human capital formation; social identity; caste; perceived social discrimination; India. (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I24 J15 J24 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 65 pages
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:pad:wpaper:0290
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