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Long-term effects of Agent Orange on health capital in Vietnam

Nobuaki Yamashita and Trong-Anh Trinh

Departmental Working Papers from The Australian National University, Arndt-Corden Department of Economics

Abstract: This paper examines the long-term health effects of Agent Orange—the military herbicide containing the hazardous chemical compound dioxin—which was widely disseminated in South Vietnam during the Vietnam War (1959–1975). Based on data from the US military archives on the herbicide operations, we estimate the prevalence of disabilities among Vietnamese people using the 2009 Population Census. The results demonstrate that the legacy of Agent Orange continues, with ongoing adverse (although small) effects on health even over 30 years since the end of the war. Critically, the health burden of severe mobility disability has been mostly born by women of ethnic minorities in the affected areas.

Keywords: Vietnam War; Agent Orange; health effects of war; public health (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I14 I15 J15 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 28 pages
Date: 2020
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-hea, nep-his and nep-sea
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:pas:papers:2020-20

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