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Organized Crime and Technology

Mustafa Caglayan (), Alessandro Flamini () and Babak Jahanshahi ()
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Babak Jahanshahi: Department of Economics and Management, University of Pavia

No 136, DEM Working Papers Series from University of Pavia, Department of Economics and Management

Abstract: This paper investigates the relation between the presence of organized crime and the technology level in north Italy. Our analysis proposes two provincial indexes. The first portrays technology at a fine-grained industrial sector level. The second describes mafia-type organizations in line with the investigation approach currently used by Italian National Antimafia Directorate (DNA) and Antimafia District Directorates (DDAs). With these indexes, we provide empirical evidence that in north Italy, the larger the presence of organized crime, the less innovation and the technological level of the industrial fabric. Our reading of this finding is that without organized crime, Nature selects agents according to their capacity to innovate. Instead, with organized crime, agents can choose an alternative strategy: relate with organized crime, which hinders innovation. Modelling the interaction innovation - relation with mafias by evolutionary game theory, we show that the presence of organized crime, through natural selection, leads to low levels of technology. Our model also shows how to use sanctions and indemnities to address the problem.

Keywords: organized crime; evolutionary game theory; innovation; silent mafia; technology; technology index; mafia index; north Italy. (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C73 K14 K42 O17 O30 R11 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 62 pages
Date: 2017-05
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-evo, nep-law and nep-pay
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Citations: View citations in EconPapers (7) Track citations by RSS feed

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http://dem-web.unipv.it/web/docs/dipeco/quad/ps/RePEc/pav/demwpp/DEMWP0136.pdf (application/pdf)

Related works:
Working Paper: Organised Crime and Technology (2019) Downloads
Working Paper: Organised Crime and Technology (2018) Downloads
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