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El desempeño de la industria peruana 1950-1995: del proteccionismo a la restauración liberal

Félix Jiménez, Giovanna Aguilar Andía () and Javier Kapsoli ()

No 1998-142, Documentos de Trabajo / Working Papers from Departamento de Economía - Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú

Abstract: This essay is concerned with the performance of Peruvian manufacturing industry and manufacturing trade, during the 1950-1996 period. This period comprehends the years of import substitution industrialization, the long economic stagnation of 1976-1990, and the recent years of trade liberalization and economic deregulation. The nature of import substitution is evaluated and, at the same time, an explanation of its limits and declination is tried in order to understand the long economic stagnation of 1976-1990. Finally, this essay puts special emphasis on the differences of the manufacturing industry performance during the context of trade liberalization, and the boom and declination of import substitution. The effect of liberal reforms on the manufacturing trade and on the competitiveness of Peruvian industry is analyzed with particular attention, both from the demand and input cost sides.

Pages: 87 pages
Date: 1998
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