COVID-19, Irregular Migration and Asymmetrical Dependency
Nasir Iqbal and
Additional contact information
Fahd Zulfiqar: Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, Islamabad.
No 2021:4, PIDE-Working Papers from Pakistan Institute of Development Economics
This study explores the process of irregular migration that drives people to opt for illegal channels to migrate. The study further examines the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the socio-economic vulnerabilities of irregular migrant workers. We find that due to COVID-19, irregular migrants suffered job losses, with only a few cases of job restoration. Their predicament is compounded given their questionable legal status, economic vulnerabilities, the stance of governments of the host and origin countries, vulnerability to poverty, and resort only to social capital as social security. We suggest that the governments should intervene to facilitate irregular migrants during pandemics.
Keywords: COVID-19; Irregular Migration; Pakistan; Europe (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 17 pages
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-int, nep-isf and nep-mig
References: Add references at CitEc
Citations: Track citations by RSS feed
Downloads: (external link)
https://www.pide.org.pk/pdf/Working%20Paper/WorkingPaper-2021-4.pdf First Version, 2021 (application/pdf)
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:pid:wpaper:2021:4
Access Statistics for this paper
More papers in PIDE-Working Papers from Pakistan Institute of Development Economics Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Khurram Iqbal ().