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The Facts of Return Migration in the Wake of COVID-19: A Policy Framework for Reintegration of Pakistani Workers

Shujaat Farooq and G. M. Arif
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Shujaat Farooq: Pakistan Institute of Development Economics
G. M. Arif: Ex-Joint Director, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, Islamabad.

No 2023:1, PIDE-Working Papers from Pakistan Institute of Development Economics

Abstract: COVID-19 has caused massive return migration around the globe. Current research investigates the adverse impacts of the pandemic on overseas migration— outflows and inflows. The key objective is to propose a policy framework for the successful reintegration of return migrants in the local labour market. The findings reveal that around 2 million overseas Pakistanis have been affected due to the COVID-19 pandemic, where 1.5 million could not go abroad, and another 0.3 to 0.4 million had to return from the Middle East. The reintegration measures for returnees were mainly made on a smaller scale, and most of the returnees lacked information on governmental support and follow-up mechanisms. Our proposed reintegration framework suggests that intending or potential migrants and their families must be educated about their reintegration or resettlement in their home communities when they plan for overseas employment.

Keywords: COVID-19; Overseas Migration; Pakistan; Reintegration; Return Migration (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 33
Date: 2023
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-mig and nep-ure
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