Dire or Dying Demand for the Government Job: Analysing A PhD Holder’s Future Prospects
Muhammad Ajmal Khan
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Muhammad Ajmal Khan: Pakistan Institute of Development Economics
No 2023:3, PIDE-Working Papers from Pakistan Institute of Development Economics
Higher Education (HE) is continuously changing globally (Altbach, 2008). The demand for a knowledge-based economy has forced the HE system towards drastic structural transformation to supply well-qualified human capital (Welch, 2011). The structural transformation is the outcome of external and internal pressures of the twenty first century (Altbach & Peterson, 2007). Similarly, (Qadir, 2011) noticed that the transformation of Pakistani HE in 2002 was an upshot of external influence and internal responses. Thus, the government established the HEC (Higher Education Commission) in 2002. It further replaced the University Grants Commission UGC with HEC (HEC Ordinance 455, 2002).
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