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How do different policy combinations affect the labour market attachment of disabled individuals? A review of the literatur

Asya Bellia

Discussion Papers from Dipartimento di Economia e Management (DEM), University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy

Abstract: The disability policies of different OECD member states have been converging since 1990, with benefits getting progressively less generous, a tightening of eligibility criteria and increased emphasis on active labour market policies. Literature on the impact of reduced benefits and activation policies on the employment of disabled people is inconclusive. However, most of it analyzes either active or passive policies. The present work focuses instead on the combined effect of different policies on disabled people's labour market attachment. Google scholar was used as a search engine and snowballing allowed to find additional papers. The literature was then scanned for relevance. Northern European welfare regimes are the most effective at employing disabled individuals, with Anglo-Saxon and Eastern European regimes are at the other hand of the spectrum. The Danish model of flexicurity has a negative impact on the labour market attachment of disabled individuals, but the Dutch model does not. The employment cha ces of disabled people increase with national employment rates. Conclusions can be drawn about which policy mix would increase the labour market attachment of disabled people with residual work capacity.

Keywords: Disability; Welfare regimes; Flexicurity; Labour market attachment (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I14 J08 J38 J70 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2021-11-01
Note: ISSN 2039-1854
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