The drivers of household indebtedness re-considered: an empirical evaluation of competing arguments on the macroeconomic determinants of household indebtedness in OECD countries
Glennie Moore and
Engelbert Stockhammer ()
No PKWP1803, Working Papers from Post Keynesian Economics Society (PKES)
Household debt is at a record high in most OECD countries and it played a crucial role in the recent financial crisis. Several arguments on the macroeconomic drivers of household debt have been put forward, and most have been empirically tested, albeit in isolation of each other. This paper empirically tests seven competing hypotheses on the macroeconomic determinants of household indebtedness together in one econometric study. Existing arguments suggest that residential house prices, upward movements in the prices of assets demanded by households, the income share of the top 1%, falling wages, the rolling back of the welfare state, the age structure of the population and the short-term interest rate drive household indebtedness. We formulate these arguments as hypotheses and test them for a panel of 13 OECD countries over the period 1993 - 2011 using error correction models. We also investigate whether effects differ in boom and bust phases of the debt and house price cycles. The results show that the most robust macroeconomic determinant of household debt is real residential house prices, and that the phase of the debt and house price cycles plays a role in household debt accumulation.
Keywords: household debt; house prices; cycles (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: E19 E21 R20 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-mac and nep-pke
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Journal Article: The drivers of household indebtedness reconsidered: An empirical evaluation of competing arguments on the macroeconomic determinants of household indebtedness in OECD countries (2018)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:pke:wpaper:pkwp1803
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