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Macroeconomic effects of fiscal consolidations in a DSGE model for the Euro Area: does composition matter?

Vitor Carvalho () and Manuel Martins ()

FEP Working Papers from Universidade do Porto, Faculdade de Economia do Porto

Abstract: We develop a new-Keynesian DSGE model with an extended fiscal policy block to assess the conditions for expansionary fiscal consolidations. In addition to several taxes, we consider public employment expenditures and government spending, which may have different degrees of productivity. We calibrate the model for the Euro Area and use it to simulate alternative fiscal consolidations with changes in the budget composition. Among the main conclusions we find that: (i) if conducted with a cut in weaklyproductive spending and a symmetric increase in highly-productive spending, fiscal consolidations have expansionary effects on investment and output; (ii) if consolidation is pursued through a pure reduction in weaklyproductive public employment, the effects on output decrease with the degree of labor market competition and turn out to be positive under perfect competition.

Keywords: fiscal policy; fiscal consolidation; new-Keynesian DSGE model (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: E12 E62 H63 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 44 pages
Date: 2011-07
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cba, nep-dge, nep-eec and nep-mac
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (5) Track citations by RSS feed

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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:por:fepwps:421

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