Spatial competition for students: what does (not) matter?
Diogo Lourenço () and
Carla Sá ()
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Diogo Lourenço: Faculdade de Economia Universidade do Porto
Carla Sá: Escola de Economia e Gestão Universidade do Minho
FEP Working Papers from Universidade do Porto, Faculdade de Economia do Porto
Regional cohesion and competition for students has fostered interest in the decision-making process behind the selection of institution of higher education. We use a gravity model to estimate the impact of distance, socioeconomic profile of districts, and characteristics of higher education institutions on the migratory flows of candidates to undergraduate programmes in Portugal. Elasticity to distance is found to be close to -2, in line with the gravity equation. The characteristics of the district of destination are unimportant, contrasting with the characteristics of institutions. Indeed, we find a negative impact of graduate unemployment, a more than proportional impact of the number of vacancies, and a great advantage to universities when compared with polytechnics. Regarding the district of origin, outgoing flows are lower the greater the local supply of higher education and the larger the young population.
Keywords: Gravity Models; Student Mobility; Institutional Competition (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I23 R23 O15 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 18 pages
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-geo, nep-ind, nep-mig and nep-ure
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:por:fepwps:604
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