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The Impacts of Farmland Expropriation on Vietnam's Rural Households

Kien Le and My Nguyen

MPRA Paper from University Library of Munich, Germany

Abstract: The expropriation of agricultural land to provide new land for industrial and urban expansion, referred to as compulsory acquisition, is prevalent in developing countries. Using Vietnam as a laboratory, this study evaluates the impacts of losing farmland through compulsory acquisition on household welfare and reaches the following findings. A 10 percentage point increase in the proportion of land expropriated results in a 2.2% decrease in household welfare proxied by food expenditure. Besides, politically unconnected and ethnic minority households are disproportionately vulnerable. The adverse welfare effect could take up to 10 years to evaporate. The reduction in household welfare is attributable to the decline in agricultural income and the inability to participate in the non-agricultural labor market. Other aspects of household behavior following compulsory acquisition are also explored, such as saving, social capital, labor, and capital allocation.

Keywords: Land expropriation; rural households; Vietnam (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J22 O12 O13 R28 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2019
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-agr, nep-env, nep-sea and nep-tra
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Related works:
Journal Article: The impacts of farmland expropriation on Vietnam’s rural households (2020) Downloads
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