The legacy of Confucianism in gender inequality in Vietnam
Tien Vu and
MPRA Paper from University Library of Munich, Germany
We quantified influences of Confucianism on gender inequality in present-day Vietnam. We used the number (or density) of the most successful test takers in the Vietnamese imperial examinations (1075–1919) in a given district as a proxy for mastering the subject of Confucianism. Using an instrumental variable approach, we considered possible impacts on sex ratio and educational attainment of women relative to men, based on test score and population census data. We found that Confucianism has a long lasting impact on gender inequality. However, the results also suggested that women tended to try harder, perhaps as a countermeasure against discrimination.
Keywords: Confucianism; Gender inequality; Sex ratio; Education; Vietnam (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I14 I24 J16 N35 Z1 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:pra:mprapa:101487
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