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Lack of Food Access and Double Catastrophe in Early Life: Lessons from the 1974–1975 Bangladesh Famine

Nourin Shabnam, Cahit Guven () and Mehmet Ulubasoglu

MPRA Paper from University Library of Munich, Germany

Abstract: We study the education outcomes of the 1974–1975 Bangladesh famine on early-life survivors using the 1991 Bangladesh microcensus data. We find that famine adversely affected the survivor children in areas that experienced higher rice prices relative to labour wage. In addition, children living in wealthy households in famine-stricken areas had better education outcomes than children with no famine exposure at all. We also find that, surprisingly, exposure to double catastrophe (i.e., concurrent famine and flood) in early life had weaker effects than exposure to single catastrophe. We show that disaster-alleviation mechanisms worked better in districts affected by double disasters.

Keywords: The 1974–1975 Bangladesh Famine; Food Access; Early Life Malnutrition; Education Outcomes; Double Catastrophe (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I15 I25 J13 J24 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2021-08-04
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dev, nep-env, nep-his and nep-isf
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