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Robots at work: new evidence with recent data

Derick Almeida and Tiago Sequeira

MPRA Paper from University Library of Munich, Germany

Abstract: We reassess the relationship between robotization and the growth in labor productivity with more recent data. We discover that the effect of robot density in the growth productivity substantially decreased in the post-2008 period. In this period, the lower positive effect of robot density in the growth of labor productivity is less dependent on the increase in value added. The data analysis dismisses any positive effect of robotization on hours worked. Results are confirmed by several robustness checks, cross-sectional (and panel-data) IV and quantile regression analysis. By means of the quantile regression analysis, we learn that the effect of robots on labor productivity is stronger for low productivity sectors and that in the most recent period, the effect of robotization felt significantly throughout the distribution. This highlights one of the possible sources of stagnation in the era of robotization and have implication both for labor market and R&D policies.

Keywords: New General Purpose Technologies; Robotization; Labor Productivity; Productivity Growth; Stagnation (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: E23 J23 O30 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2023
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-eff, nep-lma, nep-tid and nep-ure
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:pra:mprapa:116857

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