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Political Determinants of Economic Reforms in the Post-Communist Transition Countries

Karsten Staehr (), Artur Tamazian and Krishna Chaitanya Vadlamannati

MPRA Paper from University Library of Munich, Germany

Abstract: This paper examines how political institutions and electoral outcomes have affected the economic reform process in the post-communist transition countries. Panel data estimations on annual data for 26 transition economies from 1992 to 2006 suggest that the institutional structure of the economy has been of importance, at least for the western-most transition countries. Democratisation and a relatively short exposure to communist rule have been conducive to economic reform, while the timing of elections and whether the government commands a majority in parliament appear to have been unimportant. Governments with right-wing ideology have implemented more market-economic reforms than governments with other ideologies. A high development level but also high inflation have proved conducive to reforms, while unemployment has had the opposite effect.

Keywords: Economic reforms; political economy; political institutions; economic development (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: P21 H11 P26 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-hap, nep-pol and nep-tra
Date: 2009-05-01
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