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Employment protection and regional worker flows in Italy

Paolo Naticchioni (), Emiliano Rustichelli () and Antonio Sciala'

MPRA Paper from University Library of Munich, Germany

Abstract: In this paper we point out that the theoretical predictions concern-ing Employment Protection Legislation (EPL) are not fully confirmed by empirical evidence in Italy, a strict EPL country in the nine-ties, according to OECD indexes. In particular, worker and job flow rates are remarkably high, also in comparison with the other Euro-pean countries. Furthermore, the differences in regional worker flow rates -computed on both the social security database and the LFS- are relevant, no matter which measure of worker flows is considered. While EPL is the same across regions, the highest worker flow rates are observed in the South, an area generally recognised as the least dynamic of the country, followed by the Northeast, the Centre and the Northwest. For possible alternative explanations of regional differences investigation focuses on economic structural composi-tion, the black labour market, non-standard contracts, the public sector and self-employment incidence, labour productivity and firm seniority. Using Logit estimates we find that none of these factors can fully explain these differences. Moreover, the predicted nega-tive relation between worker flows and unemployment duration does not seem to hold in the case of Italy.

Keywords: Worker Turnover and Reallocation; Employment Protection; Regional Economics; Italy (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J65 J68 R1 J63 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2006-10
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-eec and nep-geo
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