Kaliningrad: Enclaves and Economic Integration
Authors registered in the RePEc Author Service: Евгений Юрьевич Винокуров ()
MPRA Paper from University Library of Munich, Germany
As the Soviet Union broke up, Kaliningrad suddenly found itself separated from mainland Russia by new frontiers. Hardly any other Russian region has been hit as hard by the economic disruption as Kaliningrad. The geographical situation of the region meant that it was more highly exposed to the destabilising effects of post-communist economic transformation. Since then, a dramatic trade opening has occurred, and regional trade and production have undergone profound changes. Kaliningrad has experienced a major shift in its economic orientation towards the tertiary sector and a new industrial orientation based on its position as an intermediary in EU–Russian trade. In short, that is what this report is about: the present and future economic development of this Russian enclave during its integration into the world economy, its place in the international division of labour and in the Russian–EU economic interface. The major phenomenon relative to the economic development of the region is its enclave status. The report explores the specific features of enclave economies and, specifically, Kaliningrad. It argues that (a) economic openness is a prerequisite for an enclave’s prosperity; (b) the enclave should develop an multi-vectored orientation toward both the Russian market and the EU market complementing industrial specialisation targeting the mainland by new features; (d) as economic integration – with the surrounding state or on a non-discriminatory basis – has significant positive effects on enclaves, the future of Kaliningrad’s regional economy and its specialisation is profoundly connected to Russian–EU relations and the prospects for their economic integration.
Keywords: enclave; exclave; Kaliningrad; Russia; European Union; Wider Neighbourhood (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F15 R10 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: Track citations by RSS feed
Downloads: (external link)
https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/20937/1/MPRA_paper_20937.pdf original version (application/pdf)
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:pra:mprapa:20937
Access Statistics for this paper
More papers in MPRA Paper from University Library of Munich, Germany Ludwigstraße 33, D-80539 Munich, Germany. Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Joachim Winter ().