Capital Structure Decisions: Which Factors are Reliably Important?
Murray Frank () and
Vidhan Goyal ()
MPRA Paper from University Library of Munich, Germany
This paper examines the relative importance of many factors in the capital structure decisions of publicly traded American firms from 1950 to 2003. The most reliable factors for explaining market leverage are: median industry leverage (+ effect on leverage), market-to-book assets ratio (−), tangibility (+), profits (−), log of assets (+), and expected inflation (+). In addition, we find that dividend-paying firms tend to have lower leverage. When considering book leverage, somewhat similar effects are found. However, for book leverage, the impact of firm size, the market-to-book ratio, and the effect of inflation are not reliable. The empirical evidence seems reasonably consistent with some versions of the trade-off theory of capital structure.
Keywords: Capital structure; Pecking order; Tradeoff theory; market timing; multiple imputation. (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: G32 G39 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Published in Financial Management 1.38(2009): pp. 1-37
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Journal Article: Capital Structure Decisions: Which Factors Are Reliably Important? (2009)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:pra:mprapa:22525
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