Economic Evaluation of Pesticide Use Externalities in the Cotton Zones of Punjab, Pakistan
M. Azeem Khan,
Muhammad Iqbal (),
Iftikhar Ahmad and
MPRA Paper from University Library of Munich, Germany
The crop protection strategy in Pakistan is almost entirely based on pesticide use whereas development of integrated pest management (IPM) based technologies is in its initial phases of scrutiny as well as implementation. The inefficient use of chemicals has resulted in environmental pollution and sub-optimal returns to the society on the costly investments. This study estimates the social cost of pesticide use and suggests appropriate guidelines for regulating the safe use of pesticides. An overall economic evaluation of the externalities for the current pesticide use levels shows that external costs are quite higher than the currently paid price at the farm gate level. The environmental degradation and public health costs inflicted on the society due to the inefficient chemical use on cotton crop amounts to twelve thousand million rupees. The reduced reliance on crop protection through chemical methods seems inevitable for a sustainable and healthy crop production.
Keywords: economic evaluation; externalities; pesticide use; social cost; crop protection; Punjab; Pakistan (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: Q51 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2002, Revised 2002
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Published in The Pakistan Development Review 41.4(2002): pp. 683-698
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Journal Article: Economic Evaluation of Pesticide Use Externalities in the Cotton Zones of Punjab, Pakistan (2002)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:pra:mprapa:2688
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