Informality and the expansion of social protection programs
Oliver Azuara () and
Ioana Marinescu ()
MPRA Paper from University Library of Munich, Germany
This paper examines the impact of the expansion of social protection programs on informality using the case of Mexico. A social protection system based on two components was created during the last decade in the country. The first is Seguro Popular which provides a minimum set of health benefits to the population not covered by formal social security. The other component of the system is a conditional cash transfer called Oportunidades. Both theoretically affect incentives to work in the informal sector. Seguro Popular decreases the cost of working informally and Oportunidades increases the benefits of concealing income by working informally. Using the fact that both systems were introduced in different municipalities at different times, we show that, surprisingly, neither significantly affected overall informality. While informality significantly increased for some sub-groups after the introduction of Seguro Popular, the increase was less than 2 percentage points. We also find no effect of Seguro Popular on transitions between formal and informal jobs, and no effect on wage differentials between the formal and the informal sector. These results suggest that payroll financed health insurance does not affect wages or labor mobility in Mexico. Overall, Mexico’s expansion of social protection system came at little to no cost in terms of labor supply distortions.
Keywords: Informality; Social Protection; Labor; Health; Seguro Popular; Oportunidades; Mexico (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C32 I18 J08 J48 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-iue
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (14) Track citations by RSS feed
Downloads: (external link)
https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/35073/1/MPRA_paper_35073.pdf original version (application/pdf)
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:pra:mprapa:35073
Access Statistics for this paper
More papers in MPRA Paper from University Library of Munich, Germany Ludwigstraße 33, D-80539 Munich, Germany. Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Joachim Winter ().