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Impact of Food Price Rise on School Enrollment and Dropout in the Poor and Vulnerable Households in Selected Areas of Bangladesh

Selim Raihan ()

MPRA Paper from University Library of Munich, Germany

Abstract: This study has explored the impact of the rise in food prices on the education of children in the poor and vulnerable households in Bangladesh. It appears that during early 2008 the prices of rice, pulses and edible oil increased tremendously which threatened the status of food security of these poor and vulnerable households in Bangladesh. As a result of the price hike, significant percent of households were forced to cut their consumption of rice, pulses and edible oil. The households who could maintain the level of consumption of rice unaffected, they could do so at the cost of reduced consumption of other non-rice food items or/and by reducing the non-food expenditure, i.e., expenses on their children education. High percentage of households experiencing dropout of their children were observed because of the price hike of food items as most of the households could not continue to bear the expenses on their children’s education. A significant proportion of these dropped out children were engaged in different jobs with the aim of contributing to their household income. In this sense, the opportunity cost of sending children from these poor and vulnerable households appeared to be high. In all cases, the female headed households turned out to be affected more than their male counterparts. The poor and vulnerable households under consideration employed several coping strategies to combat the adverse effects of food price hike, and ‘becoming more indebted by taking loans’ turned out to be the most widely used coping strategy.

Keywords: Food price hike; Poverty; Bangladesh; Education (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I20 I30 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2009-03
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