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Trade liberalization and the inter-industry wage premia: the missing role of productivity

Lourenco Paz

MPRA Paper from University Library of Munich, Germany

Abstract: The literature concerning the effect of tariffs on the inter-industry wage premium has not addressed the role of total factor productivity (TFP) in determining both the wage premium and tariffs. This omission invalidates the use of the pre-reform tariff level as an instrument for the change in tariffs. Based on an analysis of Colombian data, I find that including TFP in the estimated model of the effects of tariffs on the wage premium leads to a 36% decrease in the effect of tariffs on the inter-industry wage premium relative to the model that omits TFP. More specifically, a ten percentage point decrease in tariffs reduces the wage premium by 1.1%. This finding suggests the importance of using policies that boost productivity to offset the effect of tariffs on the wage premium.

Keywords: inter-industry wage premium; trade liberalization; productivity; Colombia (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F16 J3 O15 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2012-01-04
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-eff and nep-lab
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Journal Article: Trade liberalization and the inter-industry wage premia: the missing role of productivity (2014) Downloads
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