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On apparent irrational behaviors: interacting structures and the mind

Pierre Gosselin (), Aïleen Lotz () and Marc Wambst

MPRA Paper from University Library of Munich, Germany

Abstract: We develop a general method to solve models of interactions between multiple agents, including the possibility of strategic advantage for some of them. We argue that this type of model applies to the description of apparently irrational or biased behaviors in a person whose action is the resultant of several rational structures with di�erent goals. Our main example is a three agents model, denoted "conscious", "unconscious", and "body". Our principal result is that, for an agent whose "unconscious" goals differ from the conscious ones, the unconscious may in uence the conscious either directly, or indirectly via a third agent, the body and its needs. This three agent model allows the description of behaviors such as craving, excessive smoking, or sleepiness, to delay or dismiss a task. One of the main result stands in the fact that the unconscious agent's strategic action depends crucially on whether the conscious' actions ("task" and "feeding") are complementary in time. When they are complementary, and if the conscious is not sensitive to unconscious' messages, the unconscious may drive the conscious towards its goals by blurring physical needs. When they are not complementary, the unconscious may more easily reach his goal by influencing the conscious, be it directly or indirectly.

Keywords: dual agent; conscious and unconscious; rationality; multi-rationality; consistency; choices and preferences; multi-agent model. (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C02 C65 C70 D01 D87 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2013-02-15
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-evo and nep-mic
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (8) Track citations by RSS feed

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https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/44421/1/MPRA_paper_44421.pdf original version (application/pdf)
https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/44528/8/MPRA_paper_44528.pdf revised version (application/pdf)

Related works:
Working Paper: On Apparent Irrational Behaviors: Interacting Structures and the Mind (2013) Downloads
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