Taxing Pollution: Agglomeration and Welfare Consequences
Marcus Berliant (),
Shin-Kun Peng () and
Ping Wang ()
MPRA Paper from University Library of Munich, Germany
This paper demonstrates that a pollution tax with a fixed cost component may lead, by itself, to stratification between clean and dirty firms without heterogeneous preferences or increasing returns. We construct a simple model with two locations and two industries (clean and dirty) where pollution is a by-product of dirty good manufacturing. Under proper assumptions, a completely stratified configuration with all dirty firms clustering in one city emerges as the only equilibrium outcome when there is a fixed cost component of the pollution tax. Moreover, a stratified Pareto optimum can never be supported by a competitive spatial equilibrium with a linear pollution tax that encompasses Pigouvian taxation as a special case. To support such a stratified Pareto optimum, however, an effective but unconventional policy prescription is to redistribute the pollution tax revenue from the dirty to the clean city residents.
Keywords: Pollution Tax; Agglomeration of Polluting Producers; Endogenous Stratification (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D62 H23 R13 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-env, nep-pbe, nep-pub and nep-ure
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Journal Article: Taxing pollution: agglomeration and welfare consequences (2014)
Working Paper: Taxing pollution: agglomeration and welfare consequences (2012)
Working Paper: Taxing Pollutuion: Agglomeration and Welfare Consequences (2012)
Working Paper: Taxing pollution: agglomeration and welfare consequences (2011)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:pra:mprapa:45520
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