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Empirical Analysis of The EKC Hypothesis for Sulfur Dioxide Emissions in Selected Middle East and North African Countries

Mohamed El Hedi Arouri, Adel Ben Youssef, Hatem M'Henni () and Christophe Rault ()

MPRA Paper from University Library of Munich, Germany

Abstract: Studying the impact of economic growth on the environment in the context of developing countries has become of increasing economic importance in recent years. Alarming international reports showed that pollutants emissions are growing at their highest level ever, particularly in the South. This study implements recent bootstrap panel unit root tests and cointegration techniques to investigate the relationship between Sulfur dioxide emissions and real GDP for 12 MENA countries over the period 1981–2005. Our investigations lead to the result that no evidence is found for the EKC for 10 country of the region. However EKC is valid for the case of Egypt and Tunisia which are the most industrialised and diversified economies in our sample. At the same time our finding showed that EKC is not valid for the region when token as a whole.

Keywords: Environmental Kuznets Curve; Sulfur Dioxide emissions; Economic Growth; panel data; MENA countries (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: O11 Q0 Q28 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-ara, nep-ene and nep-env
Date: 2012, Revised 2012
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Published in The Journal of Energy and Development 1 and 2.37(2012): pp. 207-226

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