A Re-examination of Incumbents’ Response to the Threat of Entry: Evidence from the Airline Industry
Philip Gayle () and
MPRA Paper from University Library of Munich, Germany
Much of the literature on the airline industry identifies a potential entrant to a market based on whether the relevant carrier has presence in at least one of the endpoint airports of the market without actually operating between the endpoints. Furthermore, a potential entrant is often defined as a credible “entry threat” to market incumbents once the potential entrant establishes presence at the second endpoint airport of the market. This paper provides evidence that even when a potential entrant has presence at both endpoint airports of a market, incumbents may not respond to this as an effective “entry threat”. Specifically, we find that: (1) incumbents lower price by more when the potential entrant has a hub at one or both market endpoints; and (2) incumbents increase rather than lower their price if they have an alliance partnership with the “potential entrant”.
Keywords: Empirical Entry Model; Airline Competition (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C1 C25 L13 L93 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2012, Revised 2013
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Journal Article: A re-examination of incumbents’ response to the threat of entry: Evidence from the airline industry (2013)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:pra:mprapa:52850
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