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Nivel y desigualdad por género en el uso del tiempo en la Argentina. Una nota introductoria

Gender inequality in the use of time in Argentina. An introductory note

Jorge Paz () and Carla Arévalo ()

MPRA Paper from University Library of Munich, Germany

Abstract: Este trabajo analiza las desigualdades de tiempo de trabajo remunerado y no remunerado de los adultos urbanos. Se utilizan datos de la Encuesta de Uso del Tiempo (EUT) de la Ciudad de Buenos Aires en 2005. Muchas de las variables que se analizaron en conjunto con la EUT, provienen de la encuesta de hogares de esa jurisdicción. Se aplicó un análisis multivariante mediante el método de Heckman (1979) para controlar la posible sesgo causado por la auto-selección muestral. Los principales resultados muestran que las mujeres y los hombres de los grupos comparables no difieren demasiado en el número de horas que dedican a la generación de valor económico. No se observaron tampoco diferencias significativas tampoco en las tasas de empleo corregidas sumando a las horas de trabajo las dedicadas a las tareas domésticas y de cuidado. También se pudo observar que no hay división sexual significativa de mano de obra y que son las mujeres las que tienen sobrecarga demográfica por la presencia de niños en el hogar. This paper analyzes paid and unpaid work-time inequalities among urban adults. Data from the Time Use Survey (TUS) 2005 of Buenos Aires City are used. Many of the variables that were analyzed in conjunction with the TUS, come from the survey of households that jurisdiction. Multivariate analysis was applied using the method of Heckman (1979 ) to control the possible bias caused by sample selection. The main results show that comparable women and men groups did not differ in the number of hours they devoted to them and generating economic value, but significant differences were seen in employment rates corrected by the addition of housework and care. Also it could be seen that there is significant sexual division of labor and that women who bear demographic overload imposed by children.

Keywords: [Uso; del; tiempo]; [Género]; [Desigualdad]; [Argentina] (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D13 J16 J22 O15 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2014-05-19
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-lam
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