Universities, Industrial Clusters, and Economic Development in Egypt
MPRA Paper from University Library of Munich, Germany
This paper explores the role of industrial clusters in the development of the Egyptian universities & research institutes (URIs), and economic performance. The study hypothesizes that the large industrial clusters in Egypt are old and traditional, and have weak impact on URIs, and economic performance. To this end, we examine Egypt regions where that contain long-existing and traditional industrial clusters are compared to all other regions. The analysis is conducted separately for seven industries, and by using a Mann-Whitney U test and a spearman correlation we find that the more recent and technical industrial clusters in Egypt have a positive and significant impact on URIs , but they have a weak impact on economic performance. The Egyptian experience suggests that the most important contribution of clusters to URIS is one in which corporations contribute money to universities, or enter in to informal consulting arrangements with a professor, neither of which typically of professional patent applications or even through the mobility of university graduates.
Keywords: Egypt; universities and research institutes; clusters; National innovation system; and development (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: O1 O12 O14 O3 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2011-09-05, Revised 2012
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-afr, nep-ara, nep-cse, nep-ino and nep-ure
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: Track citations by RSS feed
Published in Proceedings of the Conference on Innovation Systems and the New role of Universities (COSINUS) 5 – 6 September 2011 (2012): pp. 63-106
Downloads: (external link)
https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/60111/1/MPRA_paper_60111.pdf original version (application/pdf)
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:pra:mprapa:60111
Access Statistics for this paper
More papers in MPRA Paper from University Library of Munich, Germany Ludwigstraße 33, D-80539 Munich, Germany. Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Joachim Winter ().