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How do firm characteristics affect behavioural additionalities of public R&D subsidies? Evidence for the Austrian transport sector

Iris Wanzenböck, Thomas Scherngell and Manfred Fischer

MPRA Paper from University Library of Munich, Germany

Abstract: Interest of STI policies to influence the innovation behaviour of firms has been increased considerably. This gives rise to the notion of behavioural additionality, broadening traditional evaluation concepts of input and output additionality. Though there is empirical work measuring behavioural additionalities, we know little about what role distinct firm characteristics play for their occurrence. The objective is to estimate how distinct firm characteristics influence the realisation of behavioural additionalities. We use survey data on 155 firms, considering the behavioural additionalities stimulated by the Austrian R&D funding scheme in the field of intelligent transport systems in 2006. We focus on three different forms of behavioural additionality – project additionality, scale additionality and cooperation additionality – and employ binary regression models to address this question. Results indicate that R&D related firm characteristics significantly affect the realisation of behavioural additionality. Firms with a high level of R&D resources are less likely to substantiate behavioural additionalities, while small, young and technologically specialised firms more likely realise behavioural additionalities. From a policy perspective, this indicates that direct R&D promotion of firms with high R&D resources may be misallocated, while attention of public support should be shifted to smaller, technologically specialised firms with lower R&D experience.

Keywords: Behavioural additionality; public R&D subsidies; STI policy evaluation (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C25 H50 O31 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2013
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Published in Technovation 2-3.33(2013): pp. 66-77

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