Immigration barriers and net brain drain
Sultan Orazbayev ()
MPRA Paper from University Library of Munich, Germany
Education and employment histories of more than 650 thousand scientists contained in ORCID data can shed light on the patterns of brain drain and brain gain in over 200 countries (and territories) over the last 40 years. The incidence of brain drain and brain gain is positively correlated across space and time. More restrictive immigration policy towards skilled workers and students is associated with lower levels of skilled emigration (brain drain), consistent with competition of domestic and foreign scientists for a limited number of domestic academic posts. However, after controlling for time and country heterogeneity, increased barriers to immigration are associated with a relatively larger effect on the inflow of skilled immigrants (brain gain), so more restrictive policy is associated with net brain drain.
Keywords: brain drain; brain gain; high-skilled migration; scientific mobility; immigration policy (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F2 F22 F6 F63 J61 O15 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-int and nep-mig
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:pra:mprapa:78058
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