Interregional and International Telephone Communication. Aggregate Traffic Model and Empirical Evidence for Austria
Helmut Gassler and
MPRA Paper from University Library of Munich, Germany
The explosion of activities and requirements associated with the production, processing and transfer of information is increasingly being matched by a profileration and diversification of new telecommunication media for transmitting information, including text processing and transmission services such as facsimile transmission, videotex, teleconference services, electronic mail etc. Nevertheless, the telephone is still - by far - the most important telecommunication service. The paper results from ESF-research undertaken within the Network on European Communication and Transport Activity Research (NECTAR) and relates to telephone communication undertaken for the Netherlands by Rietveld and Jansen (1990) and Switzerland by Rossera (1990). The current study focuses on the Austrian case and relies on data measured by the Austrian PTT in 1991, in terms of erlangs, an internationally widely used and reliable measure of telecommunication contact intensity. The data refer to the total telecommunication traffic on the public network. Due to technical reasons oral communication can not be distinguished from other services such as data transmission, transfer of documents and text (facsimile) etc. But the demand for such new telecommunication services is still at a very modest level in Austria. The paper addresses two major issues. First an attempt is made to explore the factors influencing the spatial pattern of domestic telephone traffic in Austria. The econometric approach applied to this problem belongs to the class of spatial interaction models explaining a telephone communication flow from a region i to a region j by three types of factors, factors associated with the region of origin, factors associated with the region of destination and factors associated with origin-destination pairs (separation factors). In using the spatial interaction modelling approach in telephone traffic analysis various choices need to be made about how the above mentioned factors should be defined. To have confidence in the model results it is desirable that its interpretation is insensitive to the particular choices made. Whether this is so, will be investigated for several potential sources of variation in model performance.
Keywords: telephone communication; telecommunication traffic modelling (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: L96 R1 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (2) Track citations by RSS feed
Published in Sistemi Urbani 2/3.15(1993): pp. 121-135
Downloads: (external link)
https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/78266/1/MPRA_paper_78266.pdf original version (application/pdf)
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:pra:mprapa:78266
Access Statistics for this paper
More papers in MPRA Paper from University Library of Munich, Germany Ludwigstraße 33, D-80539 Munich, Germany. Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Joachim Winter ().