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Gender longevity gap and socioeconomic indicators in developed countries

Igor Fedotenkov and Pavel Derkachev
Authors registered in the RePEc Author Service: Павел Деркачев ()

MPRA Paper from University Library of Munich, Germany

Abstract: In most countries, women live longer than men. Differences in longevities are country-specific and change over time. We perform a cross-country panel data analysis in developed countries (OECD and EU) to study the gender-longevity gap dependence on various socio-economic indicators and test a number of contradicting theories. We show that a lower gender longevity gap is associated with a higher real GDP per capita, a higher level of urbanization, lower income inequality, lower per capita alcohol consumption and a better ecological environment. An increase in women's aggregate unemployment rate and a decline in men's unemployment are associated with a higher gap in life expectancies. The effect of the share of women in parliaments in the gender-longevity gap is estimated to have a U-shape; it has a better descriptive efficiency if taken with a 5-years lag, which approximately corresponds to the length of political cycles.

Keywords: Gender longevity gap; inequality; cross-country analysis; life expectancy (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J11 J14 J16 J71 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-age, nep-gen and nep-hea
Date: 2017-12-08
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