EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

Railroads, Economic Development, and the Demographic Transition in the United States

Katz‬‏, ‪Ori

MPRA Paper from University Library of Munich, Germany

Abstract: This paper estimates the impact of railroads in the United States between 1850 and 1910 on economic development, fertility, and human capital. A novel identification strategy, which relies on a dynamic instrument, allows me to control for unobservables using county fixed effects. I find that railroads shifted the distribution of occupations and industries, had a large positive effect on human capital levels, and a large negative effect on fertility rates. Further analysis suggests that the impact of railroads was larger in counties that were initially more developed. I examine possible mechanisms that drive the effects and lead to this heterogeneity.

Keywords: Railroads; Fertility; Human Capital; Industrialization; Development; Transportation; Economic Growth; Great Divergence; Demographic Transition (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J11 N11 N71 O1 O14 O18 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-gro, nep-his and nep-lab
Date: 2018-08-14
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/88869/1/MPRA_paper_88869.pdf original version (application/pdf)

Related works:
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:pra:mprapa:88869

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in MPRA Paper from University Library of Munich, Germany Ludwigstraße 33, D-80539 Munich, Germany. Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Joachim Winter ().

 
Page updated 2018-11-03
Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:88869