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Diversité ethnique et déforestation dans les pays en développement: identification des principaux canaux

Ethnic diversity and deforestation in developing countries: identifying the transmission channels

Kwamivi Mawuli Gomado

MPRA Paper from University Library of Munich, Germany

Abstract: We examine the direct and indirect relationship between ethnic diversity and deforestation for a group of developing countries over a period from 2001 to 2015. We measure deforestation through loss of forest cover and ethnic diversity through ethnic (religious) fractionalization and polarization. We have identified three channels through which ethnic diversity affects the environment, namely property rights, corruption and conflicts that are often used in regressions of deforestation. Using the SURE model, we found a positive indirect total link between ethnic fractionalization and deforestation through the specified channels, while the indirect total effect of ethnic polarization is negative. However, we have a total effect (indirect total effect + direct effect) positive of the two indices (polarization and fractionalization) on deforestation. In addition, the total effect of ethnic polarization is greater than that of ethnic fractionalization. Robustness analyzes were carried out and the results obtained are robust compared to the basic specifications.

Keywords: ethnic diversity; deforestation; corruption; property right; conflict. (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: K10 Q50 Z13 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-env
Date: 2018-10-06
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