A latent class analysis towards stability and changes in breadwinning patterns among coupled households
Miki Nakai and
MPRA Paper from University Library of Munich, Germany
We examine how couples'breadwinning patterns are classified and how they have changed over the past four decades during which we have seen increase in women's labor force participation. We explore how the latent variable of spousal breadwinning types is associated with the socioeconomic statuses. To this end, we consider a latent class model especially tailored for an underlying ordinal response derived by comparing two continuous variables. We develop method to estimate the model parameters accounting for the informative sampling design and missing responses. We estimate the measurement model parameters by means of a weighted likelihood function maximised through the Expectation-Maximization algorithm. In order to determine the suitable number of latent classes we rely on the Akaike Information Criterion. Then, fixing the obtained parameters we estimate the latent model parameters by adding the full set of covariates. We make predictions on the basis of the maximum a-posteriori probability. Using data from the Japanese surveys covering the period from 1985 to 2015 breadwinning patterns are examined. Our model discloses two latent classes, each of which represents distinct breadwinning types, namely ``traditional couples" and ``new couples". Interestingly, the two-class pattern persists across the four waves covering the past 40 years.
Keywords: Akaike Information Criterion; Expectation-Maximization algorithm; Gender Inequality; Household Income Composition; Latent class model. (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C00 C14 J31 Z13 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
References: View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: Track citations by RSS feed
Downloads: (external link)
https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/89950/1/MPRA_paper_89950.pdf original version (application/pdf)
Journal Article: A latent class analysis towards stability and changes in breadwinning patterns among coupled households (2019)
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:pra:mprapa:89950
Access Statistics for this paper
More papers in MPRA Paper from University Library of Munich, Germany Ludwigstraße 33, D-80539 Munich, Germany. Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Joachim Winter ().