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Aerial Bombardment and Educational Attainment

Kien Le and My Nguyen

MPRA Paper from University Library of Munich, Germany

Abstract: This paper provides evidence that the Allied bombing of Vietnam, the longest and heaviest aerial bombardment in the history, imposed detrimental effects on educational attainment of school-age individuals. By exploiting the plausibly exogenous district-by-cohort variation in bomb destruction under a difference-in-differences framework, we find that an increase in bomb intensity leads to significantly fewer educational years completed by school-age children exposed to the bombardment. A series of robustness checks, falsification tests, and the instrumental-variable strategy further support our results. The findings underline the importance of policies targeting children after wartime.

Keywords: Vietnam War; large-scale destruction; aerial bombardment; human capital (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I20 I21 J24 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2018-12-21
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-his, nep-sea and nep-ure
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https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/90766/1/MPRA_paper_90766.pdf original version (application/pdf)
https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/99378/1/MPRA_paper_99378.pdf revised version (application/pdf)

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Journal Article: Aerial bombardment and educational attainment (2020) Downloads
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