Aerial Bombardment and Educational Attainment
Kien Le and
MPRA Paper from University Library of Munich, Germany
This paper provides evidence that the Allied bombing of Vietnam, the longest and heaviest aerial bombardment in the history, imposed detrimental effects on educational attainment of school-age individuals. By exploiting the plausibly exogenous district-by-cohort variation in bomb destruction under a difference-in-differences framework, we find that an increase in bomb intensity leads to significantly fewer educational years completed by school-age children exposed to the bombardment. A series of robustness checks, falsification tests, and the instrumental-variable strategy further support our results. The findings underline the importance of policies targeting children after wartime.
Keywords: Vietnam War; large-scale destruction; aerial bombardment; human capital (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I20 I21 J24 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-his, nep-sea and nep-ure
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https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/90766/1/MPRA_paper_90766.pdf original version (application/pdf)
https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/99378/1/MPRA_paper_99378.pdf revised version (application/pdf)
Journal Article: Aerial bombardment and educational attainment (2020)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:pra:mprapa:90766
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