Structural Change and the Fertility Transition
Philipp Ager () and
MPRA Paper from University Library of Munich, Germany
This paper provides new insights on the relationship between structural change and the fertility transition. We exploit the spread of an agricultural pest in the American South in the 1890s as plausibly exogenous variation in agricultural production to establish a causal link between earnings opportunities in agriculture and fertility. Households staying in agriculture reduced fertility because children are a normal good, while households switching to manufacturing reduced fertility because of the higher opportunity costs of raising children. The lower earnings opportunities in agriculture also decreased the value of child labor which increased schooling, consistent with a quantity-quality model of fertility.
Keywords: Fertility Transition; Structural Change; Industrialization; Agricultural Income (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J13 N31 O14 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-agr, nep-dem, nep-evo, nep-his and nep-lab
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: Track citations by RSS feed
Downloads: (external link)
https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/92883/1/MPRA_paper_92883.pdf original version (application/pdf)
Journal Article: Structural Change and the Fertility Transition (2020)
Working Paper: Structural Change and the Fertility Transition (2019)
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:pra:mprapa:92883
Access Statistics for this paper
More papers in MPRA Paper from University Library of Munich, Germany Ludwigstraße 33, D-80539 Munich, Germany. Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Joachim Winter ().