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ECB policy consistency – loss of independence and the real estate bubble?

Jakub Rybacki

MPRA Paper from University Library of Munich, Germany

Abstract: During the period 2015-2018 European Central Bank (ECB) has implemented a large-scale asset purchases program in order to revive inflation expectations and achieve sustainable annual HICP dynamics close to 2%. Furthermore, bank communicated that policy should remain accommodative for a long time in the foreseeable future. Based on an extended Taylor rule with Wu-Xia shadow rates and variable Holston-Laubach-Williams natural rates we analyzed discretionary deviation in policy of ECB, US Federal Reserve (Fed) and Bank of England. We identified a widening dovish bias in ECB Governing Council policy during the years 2015-2019. Such policy resulted in increase of real estate prices and the risk of market bubble measured by the UBS index. The likely consequence of this problem is a decrease in public trust in central banks and increase of support for populist movements.

Keywords: forward guidance; large scale asset purchases; quantitative easing; time consistency; real estate bubbles (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: E52 E58 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cba, nep-eec, nep-mac and nep-mon
Date: 2019-09-05
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