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Labour Share Heterogeneity and Fiscal Consolidation Programs

Bruno Freitas

MPRA Paper from University Library of Munich, Germany

Abstract: We show that the labour share of income is an important factor affecting the mechanisms behind fiscal consolidation programs, thus requiring consideration when evaluating fiscal multipliers across countries. We calibrate a life-cycle, overlapping generations model to match key characteristics of different European economies and evaluate the recessive impacts of fiscal consolidation programs. We find a positive relationship between the labour share and the impact fiscal multipliers generated by our model. This result directly follows from the higher weight of labour on production and the lower opportunity cost of leisure present in economies with a higher labour share. Following the impact period, the relationship between the labour share and the fiscal multipliers is dependent on the type of fiscal instrument employed in the consolidation.

Keywords: Fiscal Consolidation; Labour Share; Fiscal Multipliers; Public Debt (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D33 E21 E62 H31 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020-01
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dge and nep-mac
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:98973