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Relationship between Happiness and Smoking: A Bootstrap Panel Causality Test

Tsangyao Chang, Hsiao-Ping Chu (), Frederick Deale () and Rangan Gupta
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Hsiao-Ping Chu: Department of Business Administration, Ling-Tung University, Taichung, Taiwan
Frederick Deale: Department of Economics, University of Pretoria

No 201443, Working Papers from University of Pretoria, Department of Economics

Abstract: This study applies the recently developed bootstrap panel causality test proposed by Kónya (2006) to investigate the causal link between happiness and smoking using per capita cigarette consumption and happiness index for 5 countries (i.e. Japan, France, Germany, the UK, and the US) over the period of 1961-2003. Empirical results show a feedback for both Japan and France and independence for the other 3 countries. These results indicate smoking make people happy. However, in both Japan and France people smoke less if they feel happy. To reduce the omitted variable bias, we also added per capita real GDP as a control variable in our study over the 1969-2003 period. When doing this the empirical results show a feedback for France, a one-way Granger causality running from happiness to cigarette consumption for both Japan and the UK, and independence for the other 2 countries, Germany and the US. These results indicate smoking make people happy in France. However, in Japan, France and the UK people smoke less if they feel happy.

Keywords: Happiness; Smoke; Bootstrap Panel Causality Test (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C32 C33 I19 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 14 pages
Date: 2014-08
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-hap
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (1)

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