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Market Efficiency of Baltic Stock Markets: A Fractional Integration Approach

Luis Gil-Alana, Rangan Gupta, Olanrewaju Shittu and Olaoluwa Yaya
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Olanrewaju Shittu: Department of Statistics, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria

No 201617, Working Papers from University of Pretoria, Department of Economics

Abstract: We investigate financial market efficiency in the time series of four daily Baltic stock market indices namely Baltic Benchmark Gross Index (OMXBBGI), all share index of Tallin-Lithuanian (OMXT), all share index of Riga (OMXR) and all share index of Vilnius (OMXV), based on historical data from 1 January, 2000 to 22 January 2016. We use fractional integration methods to test the hypothesis of efficiency. Realizing that long-memory estimation could be spurious in the presence of structural breaks, we identify bull and bear market phases from each of the time series. Applying the fractional integration approach, we find that the random walk hypothesis of market efficiency is generally not rejected in the overall and at two bull and one bear sub-samples of the four Baltic stock indices. The volatility at the bear markets of these stocks persists more than the volatility at the bull markets. Our results therefore provide evidence of weak form of efficiency in the Baltic stock markets, with some exceptions.

Keywords: Baltic stocks; Bull and bear phases; Efficient market hypothesis; Fractional cointegration; Fractional integration; Volatility (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C22 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 27 pages
Date: 2016-03
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-fmk
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Citations: View citations in EconPapers (1)

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